The Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) have a very long List worldwide. Among the notable NGOs that are major players in the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) industry are the United Nations (UN), the World Bank, Africa Development Bank (ADB) European Union (EU) etc.
The above mentioned NGOs and others not mentioned are actively involved in promoting, supporting, sponsoring and facilitating WASH projects in nations across the globe.
In doing these, they have become partners with different levels of governments, supporting and facilitating WASH projects in all the nations concerned, especially in developing-countries.
We will be focusing on the United Nations in this edition of our publication.
THE UNITED NATIONS (UN)
Founded in San Francisco, California, USA on October 24th 1945. The United Nations Children Education Fund (UNICEF), is a UN programme with headquarters in New York City, USA. UNICEF was founded on the 11th of December 1946 and it is structured to provide humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in developing countries.
Among the humanitarian and developmental assistance UNICEF provides is Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH). UNICEF is physically present in 190 countries and territories around the globe.
The United Nations working with UNICEF believes that “Clean Water, basic Toilets and good Hygiene are essential for the survival and development of children “. To promote and actualize this, UNICEF WASH department have their staffs present in over 100 countries round the globe, to improve Water and Sanitation services, as well as aid in the provision of basic hygiene practices.
For example in Nigeria, UNICEF and EU signed a five year contribution agreement that worth $14.75m (#3Billion) for Health, Water supply, and Sanitation projects in Plateau, Ekiti, Adamawa and Kebbi states.
The Multiple Indicator Christer Survey report, says that in Nigeria, in the Water and Sanitation, over 118 Million Nigerians lack access to improved sanitation, while another 70 million inhabitants did not have access to safe water, as at 2011.
Over the years, like United Nations have given birth to some notable World Days, as regards WASH provisions. These “World Days” are as peculiar to the United Nations as a body, WASH professionals, and different levels of government across the nations of the earth, that they are being celebrated yearly in unique ways.
Among the notable World Days are, ‘UN World Water Day’. ‘UN World Environment Day’, and ‘UN World Toilet Day’, respectively.
2018 UN WORLD WATER DAY
2018 UN World Water Day will not be completed without a brief history of the World Water Day. Proposal for “World Water Day” first came up in 1992, at the UN general assembly during a conference on “Environment Development” in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. By December of that same year, the United Nations general assembly adopted resolution and every 22nd day of March of every year is to be celebrated as UN World Water Day.
This was set aside every year by the United Nations to highlight the importance of fresh water. The major activity for the day will always be anchored on the celebration and sustainable management of fresh water resources.
The team for the 2018 UN World Water day was “Nature for Water”. Basically it explores how we can use nature i.e. Nature Based Solution (NBC) to overcome the challenges in the provision of water of the 21th century. Main focus is the attention on the importance of water. The campaign is called “the answer is in nature” and this campaign raises awareness on NBS.
The central message is that NBS, such as planting trees to replenish forest, reconnecting rivers to flood plains, and restoring wetlands, is a sustainable and cost – effective way to help rebalance the water cycle, mitigate the effects of climate change and improve human health and livelihood.
For more, visit: www.worldwaterday.org
2018 WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY
In 1974, the United Nations set aside June 5th of every year as World Environment Day celebration, to promote “worldwide awareness and action for the perfection of our environment”.
In line with the normal tradition, June 5th 2018 marked another World Environment Day. The team for the day was ‘Beat Plastic Pollution’. In his official address for the day, the United Nations secretary general, Antonio Gutterzes urged all people to reject single – use plastic items, and also warned that growing levels of plastic wastes were becoming unimaginable.
His warning was based on the fact that ‘every year’s more than eight million ton of plastic wastes end up in the ocean.
For more, visit: www.worldenvironmentday.global
2018 UN WORLD TOILET DAY
The World Toilet Organization established the World Toilet Day in 2017. Twelve years later, the United Nations general assembly eventually declared 19th of November every year as “World Toilet Day”, in 2013. This is aimed towards breaking the taboos around toilets and to make Sanitation for all a global development priority.
The 2018 World Toilet Day was, celebrated on November 19th 2018. The “Theme for 2018 United nations World Toilet day is “When nature calls’
You can read more about 2018 ‘United Nations World Toilet day by visiting the link:.. http://www.worldtoiletday.info/wtd2018/